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BMW

 

 

 

 

 

The foundation date of BMW was the 7th March 1916 according to the official firm historiography. However, the origin of BMW goes back to the year 1913. Originally, aircraft engines were manufactured. Because of the contract of Versailles, production was laid down until 1924. Production of motorcycles started with the BMW R 32 - a 500 cc machine with a power of 8.5 HP - in 1923. Trend-setting - and typically for all later motorcycles of BMW – was the boxer engine and cardan shaft drive of the rear wheel. Further models followed. The R 39 with 250 cc and the types R 37, R 42, R 47, R 52 and R 57 with 500 cc. In 1928, the first machines with 750 cc were introduced – the R 62 and R 63. A chassis free of torsion – which was reached by a frame made of pressed steel – was introduced with the types R 11 and R 16 in 1929. The demand for a cheap and economical motorcycle was covered by the 200 cc machine R 2 in 1931. The first sidecar combination with propelled side car was already tested in 1933. The first telescopic fork – which is in used nearly unchanged until today – was introduced with the types R 12 and R 17. In 1936, one returned to the tubular frame – which was already used on the first BMW motorcycles - with the type R 5. The one cylinder machines R 20 – 200 cc – and R 35 – 350 cc – had the tubular frame and the telescopic fork, too. The last motorcycles introduced before the outbreak of war were the types R 51, R 61, R 71 and R 66 which had soft tails and floating saddles. The order for the development of a cross-country mobile sidecar combination was released by the army administration in 1939. Therefore the BMW R 75 was developed which entered production in 1941.
Automobile manufacture started in 1929 with the BMW 3/15 PS after BMW had taken over the Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach AG - the manufacturer of the small car Dixi – in 1928. In 1932, the first genuine BMW followed named 4/20 PS. The first complete new construction was the BMW 303 presented in 1933. It was followed by the types 309 and 315 in 1934. One year later, the BMW 319 was introduced. The new sporty design – which was typical for BMW at the end of the 1930s – was introduced with the BMW 326 in 1936.  In the same year, the BMW 328 and 329 were introduced and one year later the types 320 and 327. 43,085 BMW passenger cars were registered in the German Reich on 1st December 1938. The BMW 321 and 335 introduced in 1939 were the last models before the outbreak of war. Approximately 2,000 Kübelwagen were manufactured in the 1930s based on commercial chassis. During WW II, almost exclusively aircraft engines were manufactured. In addition, 3,225 exemplars of the light Einheits-Pkw were manufactured.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year of construction:

Quantity:

 

 

Motorcycles:

 

 

 

 

BMW R 52

1928-1929

4,377

 

 

BMW R 62

1928-1929

4,355

 

 

BMW R 11

1929-1934

7,500

 

 

BMW R 4

1932-1936

15,193

 

 

BMW R 12

1935-1941

35,008

 

 

BMW R 5

1936-1937

2,652

 

 

BMW R 35

1937-1940

15,386

 

 

BMW R 6

1937

1,850

 

 

BMW R 23

1938-1940

8,021

 

 

BMW R 51

1938-1940

3,775

 

 

BMW R 61

1938-1941

3,747

 

 

BMW R 71

1938-1941

3,458

 

 

BMW R 75

1940-1944

16,510

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kübelwagen:

 

 

 

 

Dixi 3/15 PS tank mokup

1927-1929

ca. 160

 

 

BMW 3/15 PS

1929-1931

ca. 140

 

 

BMW 3/20 PS

1932-1934

?

 

 

BMW 309

1934-1935

101

 

 

BMW 315

1934-1936

several hundred

 

 

BMW 319

1935-1937

4

 

 

BMW 325 (le. gl. Einheits-PKW)

1937-1940

3,225

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passenger cars:

 

 

 

 

BMW 3/15 PS

1929-1932

15,948

 

 

BMW 3/20 PS

1932-1934

7,215

 

 

BMW 303

1933-1934

2,310

 

 

BMW 309

1934-1936

 6,000

 

 

BMW 315

1934-1937

9,763

 

 

BMW 319

1935-1937

6,543

 

 

BMW 319/1

1935-1936

102

 

 

BMW 326

1936-1941

15,936

 

 

BMW 328

1936-1939

461

 

 

BMW 329

1936-1937

1,179

 

 

BMW 320

1937-1938

4,240

 

 

BMW 327

1937-1941

1,396

 

 

BMW 327/328

1938-1940

569

 

 

BMW 321

1938-1941

3,814

 

 

BMW 335

1938-1941

410

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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